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Introduction: Mandrake, an Aphrodisiac in the Bible

The use of aphrodisiacs has been prevalent throughout human history, and many natural substances are believed to enhance desire and pleasure. The Bible mentions Mandrake, a plant that holds historical significance and has been referenced in various ancient texts. As we explore biblical references, cultural beliefs, medical applications, cultivation, and safety considerations for Mandrake, we will explore its fascinating relationship to its role as an aphrodisiac.

Mandrake in a pot

Mandrake: What Is It?

Mandrake is called Dudaim in Hebrew. It is a plant species native to the Mediterranean region and parts of Asia, scientifically known as Mandragora. It is a member of the Solanaceae family, which also includes familiar plants such as potatoes and tomatoes.

Mandrake has a long taproot, dark green leaves, and orange-like fruits. The plant has a potent and distinct odor. Dark green leaves, dark purple flowers, and slightly smaller fruits are found on the Mandrake, whose flowers and leaves are close to its roots.

The shape is similar to twisted human legs scattered in many directions. It looks like a man and a woman having sex because of their twisted legs. Men’s libido and women’s pregnancy have long been claimed to benefit from the plant’s root shape.

Fruits with unique scents and flavors are often referred to as “love apples” or “Devil apples” because they may deviate if excessive sexual desire is present. It’s kind of like an aphrodisiac, a mandrake.

Mandrake’s Historical significance

Mandrake has a rich historical background spanning several centuries. Throughout history, it has been associated with a variety of cultural beliefs, legends, and rituals. Mandrake has often been considered a plant of mystical and supernatural significance due to its peculiar appearance and alleged magical properties.

Jacob’s wives, Leah and Rachel, were sisters, but they were jealous of one another. Their sons’ names reflect the history of their quarrel.

Mandrake in a pot

Mandrake in the Bible

Mandrake in Genesis

In the book of Genesis, Mandrake is mentioned twice. Rachel, one of Jacob’s wives, exchanges Mandrake with her sister Leah in order to spend the night with Jacob. Similarly, Reuben, Rachel’s son, finds Mandrake in the field and brings it to his mother. Mandrake’s properties and significance during ancient times have been speculated about based on these biblical references.

Even after he married Leah, Jacob still loved Rachel. There were a lot of nights when Leah stayed up all night by herself.

It was God who made Leah get pregnant first. She had a son named Reuben. Reuben means ‘Look, it’s a son’ and it holds Leah’s heart. Here’s how Leah feels after giving birth to Ruben.

“It is because the Lord has seen my misery. Surely my husband will love me now.”

NIV, Genesis 30:32

Leah must be upset about not being loved by her husband. Leah got pregnant again soon after, gave birth to a son named Simeon. It means ‘Jehovah listened to her prayers’. Leah is also saying this at the time.

“Because the Lord heard that I am not loved, he gave me this one too.”

NIV, Genesis 30:33

She expected Jacob to love her after she gave birth to her first son, but she couldn’t change his mind. She named her third son Levi, which means union, in the hope that her husband will be united with her from now on.

It’s only now that Leah praises Jehovah for giving her sons, whose name Judah means praise. Little by little, Leah’s mind is healing and recovering through the names of her sons.

Rachel, who still doesn’t have a son, was jealous after Leah gave birth to four sons in a row. So she asked Jacob like this. “Give me children, or I’ll die!” For the first time, Jacob answered Rachel in anger.

“Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children?”

NIV, Genesis 30:2

Rahel eventually gives Bilhah to Jacob and gets Dan. It means God let her resentment go. She elated and named him Naphtali, saying, “I won big against my sister.” Naphtali means to compete.

This time, Leah gives Jacob a servant girl named Zilbah to give birth to Gad and Asher. Asher means joy and Gad means blessing. Leah looks much more relaxed now.

Getting older makes it harder for Leah to have kids. Leah got Mandrake from Reuben, her eldest son. Rachel asked her sister if she could share Mandrake with her when she heard Leah had it. Leah immediately turned it down.

“Wasn’t it enough that you took away my husband? Will you take my son’s mandrakes too?”

NIV, Genesis 30:15

Rachel offers to let Leah sleep with Jacob if Leah gives Rachel Mandrake. Leah greets Jacob as he returns from the field in the evening.

So when Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him. “You must sleep with me,” she said. “I have hired you with my son’s mandrakes.” So he slept with her that night.

NIV, Genesis 30:15

Jacob had no choice but to sleep in Leah’s room that night. Would Leah have given Rachel only part of Mandrake? Did Leah give Jacob the rest of the Mandrake?

Leah would have enjoyed Jacob’s energy after a while. She gave birth to Issachar, which means price. It’s like he bought and had his husband for a price.

Mandrake in a pot

Mandrake Song of Songs

Genesis mentions Mandrake five times and Song of Songs once. No matter how theological Song of Songs is, it won’t dispel eroticism. Let’s read it together.

“I belong to my beloved, and his desire is for me. Come, my beloved, let us go to the countryside, let us spend the night in the villages. Let us go early to the vineyards to see if the vines have budded, if their blossoms have opened, and if the pomegranates are in bloom—there I will give you my love. The mandrakes send out their fragrance, and at our door is every delicacy, both new and old, that I have stored up for you, my beloved.”

NIV, Song of Songs 7:10~13

It’s just the extreme of sexual expression to climb a palm tree, grab a branch, climb up a woman’s body, and touch a fruit-like breast.

Solomon wrote Song of Songs. Solomon had a thousand concubines, but he seemed to like Shulammite women the most. His obsession with her would be understandable if even her nose smelled like apples.

Solomon ate Mandrake to increase sexual pleasure since it says ‘The mandrakes send out their fragrance.’

Mandrake doesn’t have a strong scent, so “send out their fragrance” is exaggerated. If you eat Mandrake fruit, you might really think Mandrake emits a scent because it stimulates sexual desire.

Symbolism and interpretation

Mandrake’s references in the Bible have been interpreted differently. Mandrake was believed to enhance fertility and increase the chances of conception, according to some scholars. There’s also a theory that Mandrake symbolizes love and passion because of its supposed aphrodisiac properties. Mandrake’s cultural and symbolic significance in biblical times can be understood through these interpretations.

Originally, Jacob liked Rachel and worked under her father Laban for seven years. After tricking Jacob into giving his eldest daughter Leah as his wife, Laban gave him Rachel on the condition he’d work for Laban for another seven years.

As an aphrodisiac, Mandrake

Traditions and beliefs from the past

Mandrake has been associated with love, desire, and sexuality throughout history. Mandrake root was believed to have aphrodisiac properties


Question 1. Mandrake is a magical plant, right?

Answer 1. While mandrake was believed to possess magical properties in ancient times, its actual effects are purely botanical. Rather than scientific evidence, it’s associated with magic.

Question 2. Was mandrake used for medicine?

Answer: 2. In traditional medicine, mandrake was used for pain relief and sedation. However, it came with risks and side effects.

As a result, the mandrake’s symbolism in the Bible invites us to think deeper. Our innate human yearnings and the quest for spiritual fulfillment are symbolized by the mandrake, which is associated with desire, fertility, and longing. We can gain a deeper understanding of ancient beliefs and timeless lessons from biblical narratives by looking at the role of mandrake.

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